Download e-book for iPad: American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, by Mark A. Smith

By Mark A. Smith

ISBN-10: 0226764621

ISBN-13: 9780226764627

ISBN-10: 0226764648

ISBN-13: 9780226764641

Most humans think that giant companies wield huge, immense political strength once they foyer for regulations as a cohesive bloc. With this arguable publication, Mark A. Smith units traditional knowledge on its head. In a scientific research of postwar lawmaking, Smith finds that enterprise loses in legislative battles except it has public backing. This spectacular end holds as the kinds of matters that lead companies to band together—such as tax charges, pollution, and product liability—also obtain the main media awareness. the consequent debates provide electorate the knowledge they should carry their representatives in charge and make elections a call among contrasting coverage programs.

Rather than succumbing to company the US, Smith argues, representatives satirically develop into extra conscious of their elements while dealing with a united company entrance. firms achieve the main impact over laws once they paintings with organisations resembling imagine tanks to form american citizens' ideals approximately what govt may still and shouldn't do.

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Extra info for American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, Elections, and Democracy

Example text

These ideologies supply a means to determine whether federal agencies should regulate more or less, whether the welfare state should expand or contract, and whether or not labor laws should strengthen the bargaining leverage ofworkers. Those are precisely the sorts ofissues that evoke unity among firms. For this reason, unifying issues are highly ideological and fit cleanly into the liberal-conservative dimension of political struggles. Particularistic and conflictual issues, however, frequently cannot be neatly mapped onto the ideological spectrum of left and right.

This information may be costly to collect, unreliable, or perhaps even nonexistent. For the unifying issues that invoke ideological themes, though, they can use specific information about the legislation and also general information about the constituency's ideology. The availability of both kinds of information should increase elected officials' accuracy when they estimate majority sentiment. That accuracy translates into greater opportunities for public viewpoints to guide decision-making. When an issue is ideological, politicians in Congress and the White BUS I N E S SUN I T Y ANODE Moe RAe Y 23 House also can benefit from knowing something about national opinion, particularly changes in it.

In contemporary usage, the word "partisan" often carries negative connotations. Reflecting Americans' long-standing unease with organizing politics through parties, elected officials who behave according to their partisanship are often perceived to be blindly following the party line. Such a view overlooks the positive consequences that result when political parties present clear alternatives to the electorate. Individual candidates, who often run campaigns that emphasize their resumes or personal qualities more than their stands on issues, normally cannot achieve a level ofclarity on policy matters comparable to that ofparties.

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American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, Elections, and Democracy by Mark A. Smith


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