By Dania Abdul Malak, Katriona McGlade, Diana Pascual, Eduard Pla
This publication examines the water-related affects of weather switch within the UNESCO Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean (IBRM) straddling Spain and Morocco. this can be the 1st in-depth booklet on a desirable transboundary case examine; whereas weather swap results are really homogenous around the IBRM, differing socio-economic contexts, land-use styles and coverage frameworks in Spain and Morocco suggest huge adaptations in vulnerability and outcomes for human protection. The authors have produced a unique and built-in vulnerability evaluation that mixes hydro-ecological, socio-economic and coverage analyses. The interdisciplinary method and insights contained during this quantity will attraction either to these drawn to the combination of usual and social sciences in addition to these engaged on water and weather swap from educational, useful or policy-oriented views.
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Extra resources for Adapting to Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability and Risks to Human Security in the Western Mediterranean Basin
B (right) Idem for pasture areas The results show important differences in crop patterns when comparing the results for Spain and Morocco, which require different management decisions. In the Spanish part of the IBRM, low crop activity within the protected area strongly contrasts with signiﬁcant agricultural pressure in neighbouring areas bordering the IBRM. As shown in Fig. 7a, the projected increase in water demand will not have signiﬁcant effects within the Reserve in the 21st century. On the Moroccan side, it is fairly evident that there is no signiﬁcant difference in the density of crops inside or outside the IBRM.
Agricultural water demand will be reduced by developing more rational and efﬁcient technologies. Biodiversity and natural ecosystems will suffer from ecological flow shortages and eutrophication of water reservoirs. Higher temperatures will increase ﬁre risk and the spread of diseases in the forests. Alien species will spread in the IBRM under warmer environmental conditions. Changes in land use, mainly urbanisation on the coast line, will modify the landscape, reducing the attractiveness of tourism in these areas.
1 21 Spanish Focus Group Outputs In the following section the discussions of the Spanish focus group in relation to each scenario are summarised. Scenario A involves a decrease in water resource availability, though this will be modest and will occur over a concentrated period of time. In general this scenario produces a large number of uncertainties since the beneﬁts are counterbalanced by some negative effects and the ﬁnal outcome will depend to a great extent on whether policies are able to quickly react to these changes.
Adapting to Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability and Risks to Human Security in the Western Mediterranean Basin by Dania Abdul Malak, Katriona McGlade, Diana Pascual, Eduard Pla