By Tom Standage
"From beer to Coca-Cola, the six beverages that experience contributed to shaping human heritage. all through human heritage. yes beverages have performed even more than simply quench thirst. As Tom Standage relates with authority and beauty, six of them have had an incredibly pervasive impact at the process background, changing into the defining drink in the course of a pivotal ancient period.""A historical past of the realm in 6 Glasses"" tells the tale of humanity from the Stone Age to the twenty first century during the lens of beer, wine, spirits, espresso, tea, and cola. Beer was once first made within the Fertile Crescent and by way of 3000 B.C.E. was once so vital to Mesopotamia and Egypt that it was once used to pay wages. In historic Greece wine grew to become the most export of her big seaborne alternate, supporting unfold Greek tradition out of the country. Spirits similar to brandy and rum fueled the Age of Exploration, fortifying seamen on lengthy voyages and oiling the pernicious slave exchange. even though espresso originated within the Arab international, it stoked innovative suggestion in Europe throughout the Age of cause, while coffeehouses grew to become facilities of highbrow alternate. And hundreds of thousands of years after the chinese language all started consuming tea, it grew to become specially well known in Britain, with far-reaching results on British international coverage. eventually, although carbonated beverages have been invented in 18th-century Europe they grew to become a 20th-century phenomenon, and Coca-Cola particularly is the best image of globalization.For Tom Standage, each one drink is one of those expertise, a catalyst for advancing tradition through which he demonstrates the complex interaction of alternative civilizations. you'll by no means examine your favourite drink an analogous means again.Look for Tom Standage's different books together with The Victorian net and An fit for human consumption background of Humanity.
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Extra resources for A History of the World in 6 Glasses
There was, however, no organized leadership, no centrally coordinated plan of action, no universally agreed programme of reform behind the movement. The Great October Strike was a spontaneous expression of the whole people’s pent-up frustration at the obstinacy of an intellectually and administratively bankrupt regime. An extremely important by-product of the general strike was the formation of a democratically elected workers’ ‘parliament’ which represented the interests of the striking workers in the capital and enjoyed the support of most of the revolutionary parties.
It was more of a separate ‘caste’, with its own internal structures, procedures, laws and economic arrangements. Moreover, the retention of the obshchina as an official institution, although firmly rooted in Russian tradition, meant that in effect the peasant had merely exchanged bondage to the serf-owner for bondage to the commune. Lack of capital investment, periodic reallocation of land, primitive agricultural methods, crippling financial burdens and impediments to mobility ensured that the agrarian sector of the Russian economy more or less stagnated for the next forty years.
The new tsar dismissed these as ‘senseless dreams’, but around the turn of the century zemstva politicians and members of certain professional societies attempted to give some organizational shape to Russia’s emerging liberal movement by founding the Union of Liberation, a body that rejected revolutionary activity, but called for the end of autocratic government and the establishment of a constitutional democracy based on representative institutions and the rule of law. After four decades of relative calm the dormant Russian countryside began to stir once more and finally erupted in a series of violent upheavals (1902–07) whose origins lay in the injustices of the emancipation settlement.
A History of the World in 6 Glasses by Tom Standage